REPORT-May, 2003

Name: International Scientific Committee on Cultural Routes (CIIC)
Date of creation: 1998
Statutes: 1998 (Based on the Eger Principles for the ICOMOS International Scientific Committees)
Objective: The objective of the Committee is to promote, consistent with the aims of ICOMOS international co-operation, the identification, study and enhancement of cultural routes and their significance in relation to their main value as a whole, and in connection with the protection, maintenance and conservation of their monuments, groups of buildings, archaeological remains, cultural landscapes and sites, as they are connected through cultural values and historical links.

Committee's OFFICERS : (all of them were elected by the CIIC voting members at the international meeting held in Madrid on 4 December 2002, during the ICOMOS 13th General Assembly)

President: María Rosa Suárez-Inclán Ducassi (Spain)

Vice-President for Africa: Dosso Sindou (Ivory Coast)
Aimé Gonçalves (Benin)*,  Mohaman Haman (Cameroon), Edward Matenga (Zimbabwe)

Vice-President for America: Guy Masson (Canada)
Assistants: Tamara Blanes (Cuba)*, Carlos Mesén (Costa Rica)*, María Teresa Gaona (Paraguay)

Vice-President for Asia- Pacific: Samitha Manawadu (Sri Lanka)
Assistants:  Sandy Blair (Australia), Kunie Sugio (Japan), Kinda Sati (Siria)*

Secretary General: Rosa Anna Genovese (Italy)
Assistants: Todor Krestev (Bulgaria), Ana Paula Amendoeira (Portugal), Adda Gheorghievicci (Romania)*

(*) They are serving for a first term. The rest of officers were elected for the first time in the elections held in 1999 and are now serving for a second term.


A) VOTING MEMBERS (Current status: see below)

1 Valter Shtylla (Albania)
2 Carlos Pernaut (Argentina)
3 Sandy Blair (Australia)
4 Jean-Louis Luxen (Belgium)*
5 Aimé Gonçalves (Benin)
6 José de Mesa Figueroa (Bolivia) **
7 Suzanna Sampaio (Brasil)
8 Todor Krestev (Bulgaria)
9 Mohaman Haman (Cameroon)
10 Guy Masson (Canada)
11 Edwin Binda Compton (Chile)
12 Rodolfo Ulloa Vergara (Colombia)
13 Carlos Mesén (Costa Rica)
14 Ivan Petek Rajic (Croatia) **
15 Tamara Blanes (Cuba)
16 Sophocles Hadjisavvas (Cyprus)
17 Josef Stulc (Czech Republic)
18 Wilson Herdoiza (Ecuador)
19 Mohammed Abdel Maksoud (Egypt) **
20 Sofia Avgerinou-Kolonias (Greece)
21 Harold Gaspard (Haiti) **
22 Gloria Lara Hasemann (Honduras)
23 Avi Shoket (Israel)*
24 Rosa Anna Genovese (Italy)
25 Dosso Sindou (Ivory Coast)
26 Patricia Green (Jamaica) (****)
27 Kunie Sugio (Japan)
28 Joseph Pharès (Lebanon)
29 David Mallia (Malta)
30 Hamar Fall Diagne (Mauritania)
31 Francisco Javier Lopez Morales (Mexico)
32 Abderrahamane Chorfi (Moroco)
33 Ron Van Oers (The Netherlands)*
34 Mario Molina Carrillo (Nicaragua)
35 Maria Teresa Gaona (Paraguay)
36 Fernando Rosas (Peru) ***
37 Lidia Klupsz (Poland)*
38 Ana Paula Amendoeira (Portugal)
39 Adda Gheorghievicci (Romania)
40 Carlos A. Hernandez (El Salvador) ***
41 Viera Dvorâkova (Slovakia)
42 Colin Fortune (South Africa)*
43 Maria Rosa Suárez-Inclán Ducassi (Spain)
44 Samitha Manawadu (Sri Lanka)
45 Dan Carlsson (Sweden)
46 Kinda Sati (Syria)
47 Prachote Sangkhanukit (Thailand)**
48 Amoussou Kpotogbé Gaël (Togo)
49 Stuart B. Smith (UK)*
50 Ana Maria Crespi (Uruguay)
51 Michael Romero Taylor (USA)***
52 Yomana Koteich Khatib (Venezuela) 
53 Edward Matenga (Zimbabwe)


1 Alicia Leonor Cahn (Argentina)*
2 Thelma Judith Carrera Castro (Costa Rica)* 
3 Adrián Valverde Sanabria (Costa Rica)*
4 Allé Ould Marouani (Mauritania)*
5 Cecilia Calderón Puente (México)*
6 Olga Aurora Méndez Hernández (México)*
7 Maira Vargas Roa (Nicaragua)
8 Rocío Cutipé Cárdenas (Peru)*
9 Alberto Martorell Carreño (Peru)*
10 Rubén García Miranda (Uruguay)
11 Blaine Cliver (USA) 
12 Carmen Daly (Venezuela)

(*) All of them were admitted as new members of CIIC during its last meeting (Madrid, December 4th, 2002)

(**)These members have never attended a CIIC meeting (or not so for the last 3 years) without excusing their participation for due cause. In accordance with the Statutes, the CIIC asked directly their National Committee to nominate a new voting member if they wished to do so. (***) Only the National Committees of Peru, USA and El Salvador have given an answer and have respectively nominated Fernando Rosas and Michael Romero Taylor as new voting members and Carlos Hernandez as voting member for a second term. These three candidates shall be proposed for admisssion to the CIIC Bureau at its next meeting . For the rest of them, if there is not a new formal apply on their part, their names shall be deleted from the CIIC list of members.

According to the CIIC Statutes, those voting members who were appointed for the last term have been required to confirm their appointment for the present 2003-2005 second term. All of them have been confirmed, except (****) Patricia Green from Jamaica who was given a last opportunity until the end of April 2003. 

Members receive regular information on the CIIC activities and projects and are invited to participate at the international meetings, conferences and general workshops.

All members (except Kinda Sati from Syria) are affiliated to their ICOMOS National Committee. Address and e-mail contact information has been up-dated in February 2003. As usual, all necessary will be on the CIIC website.



Proposals and admission of voting and associate members are carried out according to article 4 of the CIIC Statutes, which were approved by the international Executive Committee of ICOMOS in 1998 (see both ICOMOS international and ICOMOS CIIC web sites). Proposed new members (February-May 2003): Aysil Yavu (Turkey), Linda María Roca (Dominican Rep.), Fernando Rosas (Peru), Natalya Gyulnazaryan (Armenia), Lena Kim (Korea), and Michael Romero Taylor (USA) as voting members; Pedro De Manuel (Spain), and Elena Ramos (Paraguay), as associate members.



Committee meetings (on statutory and ordinary matters)

Nov. 1997 Alicante, Spain (preparatory meeting)
Sept. 1998 Tenerife (Canary Islands), Spain (constitutive meeting, 1998-1999 program)
May, 1999 Ibiza, (Balearic Islands), Spain (2000-2002 ratified program, and elections)
Oct. 1999 Guanajuato, Mexico (2000-2002 confirmed program)
June 2001 Pamplona (Navarra), Spain (regular meeting)
Dec. 2002 Madrid, Spain (regular meeting and elections; 2003-2005 program)
2003-2005 There will be ordinary working meetings as usual (the place and time to be determined according to the necessary facilities and financial assistance that may be obtained from public or private institutions).

Organisation of International Conferences and Seminars

16-19 Nov. 1997: "The Iberian Peninsula and Cultural Routes of the Mediterranean : commerce and civilisation; an intercontinental scope", Alicante. Spain.
5-8 Sept. 1998: International Symposium on "Intercontinental Cultural Crossroads; Cultural Itineraries, Legislation and Cultural Tourism", Tenerife, Spain.
17-19 May 1999: "The wine and the vine routes in the Mediterranean Cultural Heritage", La Rioja, Spain.
18-20 May 1999: International Congress on "Hispano-Portuguese Bastioned Fortifications Across Five Continents" and:
21-22 May 1999: Seminar on "Methodology, Definitions and operative Aspects of Cultural Itineraries"(1st part), Ibiza, Spain.
Oct. 1999: Seminar on "Methodology, Definitions and operative Aspects of Cultural Itineraries" (2nd part), Mexico City and Guanajuato, Mexico.
20-24 June 2001: International Seminar in Navarra, Spain, on: "1. Intangible Heritage and Cultural Routes in a Universal Context; 2. Steps towards making a Pre inventory of Cultural Routes: a) Strategies and Teams; b) Projects and Contents".
4 December 2002 Scientific meeting on "Conceptual and substantive independence of Cultural Routes in relation to Cultural Landscapes". This meeting was held during the ICOMOS 13th General Assembly in Madrid, Spain. A recommendation was adopted and submitted to the General Assembly at its plenary session held in the morning of December 5th. 
2003-2005 As usual, there will be scientific seminars and workshops (the place and date to be determined according to the necessary facilities and financial assistance that may be obtained from public or private institutions. With regard to this, see information at the end of this report .). With respect to the expected numerical attendance, it is intended that, as in previous events, a great majority of the CIIC members can participate. For topics and themes to be selected, see the below paragraph on recommended activities and programme guidelines. The CIIC will also continue fostering its activities in the field of publications and participation in events related to cultural routes. For criteria on selecting texts for publication see the next paragraph.


Publications: The Government of La Rioja published the complete proceedings of the seminar on C.R of Vine and Wine held in Santo Domingo de La Calzada (1999): "Actas de las I Jornadas Internacionales de Expertos en Protección y Promoción de Bienes Culturales sobre el Itinerario Cultural de la Vid y del Vino en los Pueblos del Mediterráneo ". The Xunta de Galicia also published a book on historic public works in the Camino de Santiago, which includes an introduction with the CIIC history and philosophy (2000): "Obras Públicas en Galicia al servicio del Camino". Both of them were distributed to participants. Another book including the complete scientific proceedings of the seminar held in Pamplona in 2001 was published by the Government of Navarra and distributed to participants at the 13th GA (2002): "The Intangible Heritage and other aspects of Cultural Routes". At any time, all the requirements for the papers submitted to be selected for presentation and included in the relevant publication are clearly specified in a previous call for papers.

Reports and web site: Reports and conclusions of the conferences and seminars held from 1997 to 2001 have been translated in three languages and put on the ICOMOS web site (see: International Scientific Committee on Cultural Routes in This information and the new one, like documents from the last meeting held in Madrid in December 2002, is also included at the ICOMOS-CIIC website ( Relevant information has also been sent to the ICOMOS International Secretariat and the Documentation Centre. 


I. According to the conclusions of the different conferences and seminars held from its creation until the present days, the ICOMOS CIIC goals and recommended activities for the next years are the following :
1 .-That proposals be collected and a pre-inventory of cultural itineraries be established. To assign each one of these itineraries a multidisciplinary co-ordination committee made up of experts appointed by the CIIC and in charge of selecting the scientific criteria on which the analyses must be based.
2.- To create, for each one of the itineraries defined, a network for carrying out the scientific studies and investigations.
3.- To identify groups and institutions which help to publicise, safeguard and highlight the value of the cultural itineraries, as well as the spreading of knowledge relating to them.
4.- To raise the awareness of governments about the importance of cultural itineraries and to attempt to integrate them in the framework of territorial planning and organisation policies, in order to ensure the operative functioning of the actions which are undertaken.
5.- To urge international co-operation by means of durable development plans in the areas through which a cultural itinerary passes, due to the fact that all of them constitute an integral part of a shared common asset.
6.- To develop the methods of approach and analysis within an objective aimed at safekeeping, highlighting value and improving knowledge. To work towards increasing the precision of the vocabulary and the concepts.
7. -To investigate and spread conservation techniques adapted to the complexity of the elements and situations which the cultural Itineraries entail.
8.- To identify strategies which locate and attract means of financing aimed at supporting the work to be carried out.
9.- To publish the results of the investigations.
II. It was agreed to prepare an International Charter on Cultural Itineraries looking for a ratification in Beijing in 2005. A first draft to be circulated to CIIC members and others by January 2004
III. As a result of the different conclusions elaborated at the above international seminars, members are expected to help on filling the CIIC Inventory Records.
IV. An attempt shall be made during the next three years in order to include the CIIC Inventory Records adequately filled by its members on a Pre Inventory of Cultural Routes of the World. Methodology and steps to achieve this task are indicated in the conclusions of the Seminar held in Pamplona in 2001 (see above: "Publications, reports and web site")
V. In 2001all the CIIC members were invited by its President to present their suggestions in order to elaborate a scientific program on intangible heritage and cultural routes for the GA to be held in Zimbabwe in October 2002. This program was expected to correspond to the scientific symposium's general topics and structure (1 main theme and 3 sub-themes) that had been fixed by the organisers. If the same topics and structure are to be maintained, it is recommended to those CIIC members planning to attend the GA in Zimbabwe in 2003 that the scientific papers to be presented take into account the below program elaborated by the CIIC on the basis of the suggestion made by its members. It is also reminded the work already done in this field by the ICOMOS-CIIC in its scientific conference on "The Intangible Heritage and other aspects of Cultural Routes" (Pamplona, June 2001).

ICOMOS General Assembly in Zimbabwe. Suggested topics (ISC on Cultural Routes. CIIC)
Main Theme
Place, Memory - Meaning: Preserving Intangible Values in Monuments and Sites
A new concept in the identification and management of the culture heritage of peoples: Cultural Routes, a dynamic channel for interactive understanding of cultural items in both their tangible and intangible dimension.

3 Sub-themes:
1 The Intangible Dimension, Concepts, Identification and Assessment
- The value of Intangible Heritage in Cultural Routes. Conceptual and methodological framework for the identification and promotion of cultural routes and their interdependent tangible and intangible heritage contents. (Factors indicating value; Guidelines and indicators for their localisation and subsequent evaluation; Strategies and operational teams; Indicative lists and the ICOMOS CIIC Pre-Inventory; The necessary social awareness.)
2 Impact of Change and Diverse Perceptions
- Cultural routes as roads to identity, mutual understanding and solidarity in the contemporary world. Intercontinental, continental, regional and national cultural routes. Incorporation of significant elements into signifying values. Presentation of ongoing projects and the methodology used. Assessment of potential resources.
3 Conservation and Managing of Intangible Methods
- Methods for safeguarding, management and co-operation regarding intangible heritage items. (Guidelines and indicators for their continued evaluation and monitoring; Assessment of possible actions within the scientific, legislative, educational fields and in the area of institutional co-operation; The necessary participation of society; Use of new communication technologies).


Among other initiatives, the " Camino Real Intercontinental " programme, sponsored by ICOMOS-Spain, is being carried out by different experts from Europe, America and Asia (most of them are members of CIIC and their names are included in the above list ; participation is open to all those members wishing to join this effort). This long-term project began in 2000 and requires support from many different institutions. In so far, the following institutions have given their support on different phases and aspects: The Spanish Ministry of Culture, the AECI, the City Hall of La Laguna, the University of Seville, the Complutense University and the Polytechnic University of Madrid, etc. Other institutions from different countries have also given their direct or indirect support through the experts involved on this project. The "Hispanic Mining Cultural Routes" project is also been developed under a similar framework. Another project on the Saint Francis Xavier cultural route between Orient and Occident is being carried out by the Government of Navarra with different institutions of Japan and other countries and the scientific advice of an international team of experts of the ICOMOS CIIC. A thorough description of these initiatives can be consulted in the above mentioned book on "The Intangible Heritage and other aspects of Cultural Routes". Many other initiatives, as those included in the following list, are also being carried out in other countries and are described in the same publication: 
Pre-inventory of cultural routes in Japan; 
The Canadian Chilkoot Trail;
Language and worship as intangible heritage through the Slave route and the routes of imperialism;
Intangible heritage and cultural routes: analysis and principles.
An approach to cultural routes as historic channels of the civilising process and a pillar of sustainable development.
Pilgrimage routes in Malta;
Interaction between intangible heritage and cultural routes in a universal context: A conceptual approach.
The historic commercial caravan routes in Syria; 
Pre-inventory of Cultural Routes in Ecuador; 
Network of historic routes in the Czech Republic;
Pre-inventory of cultural routes in the Slovak Republic; 
The Viking route;
Mining cultural routes; 
Cultural routes in the Italian "Mezzogiorno"; 
The "trashumancia" (regulation of the nomad shepherds' routes) in the Iberian peninsula;
Cultural routes in SE Europe; 
Cultural routes in Albania; 
Cultural routes in Romania; 
Fortifications in Greece as a part of cultural routes;
Idem id in Cyprus;
Idem id in Malta; 
Heritage in Australian routes and journeys; 
Cultural routes within a universal context impact in Sri Lanka;
The Incas route in America; 
The "Transit" route in Nicaragua;
Pre-inventory of cultural routes in Nicaragua; 
Cultural routes in the 21st century;
Identification of cultural routes in Southern Africa; 
Caribbean monuments and sites on the transatlantic slave trade; 
A Slave itinerary: from Togo to Brazil; 
The Slave itinerary between Benin and the Americas; 
Portuguese fortifications in Africa: the fort of Ouidah;
The "Camino Real Intercontinental" project. An introductory description: goals and contents.
The "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro"; 
The "Camino Real Intercontinental" in the Hispanic septentrion; 
Backgound of historic transport routes in the Nueva España; 
Fortifications, routes and Caminos Reales (royal paths) in the Caribbean area and in the Gulf of Mexico; an approach to the CIIC inventory of fortifications; 
San Juan of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean fortified route; 
Fortifications in Cartagena de Indias: buildings for war, spaces for peace; 
The route of Galleons; 
The cultural route of Hernán Cortés; Management plan for the Veracruz reef system;
The Bourbon Fort and the San Carlos Fort in Paraguay, as a part of the royal paths system; 
The Caminos Reales (royal paths) network in the Hispanic Argentina; 
The underwater Camino Real (royal path), the navigation routes within an integral approach to the communication system as a whole; 
The Cacao route; 
Pre-inventory of cultural routes in Chile; 
Goa: culture and paths of living; 
Pointers concerning cultural routes between Orient and Occident: Indonesia and Europe; 
Historical routes in the Middle East; 
The historic routes of spectacles and sports in Europe and the Mediterranean area.
The Olive Routes in the Mediterranean Area. 
News from Canada: During the congress 2002 on cultural routes in Canada, it was made evident that several of them merit a close examination; inventory, the richness and variety from the first nation, black immigration, etc was really amazing. It was a revelation to the participants. Information on this aspect has been published in the ICOMOS Canada magazine.
News from Brazil: Research work on the following cultural routes is being developed: 1) Rutas jesuíticas: de Sao Paulo de Brasil a Paraguay; 2) Rutas de las Banderas: de Sao Paulo al interior de Brasil (Minas Gerais, Goiás y Mato Grosso); 3) Rutas del Agua: de los Andes a el Atlántico en la Amazonía.
News fron Greece: An important project dealing with the Olive Routes in the Mediterranean Area is being developed by ICOMOS Greece with the co-operation of other Mediterranean countries.


Officers and CIIC members have participated at different national and international seminars and other events related to cultural routes in the lasts years (Alice Springs, Australia; Sofia, Bulgaria; Copán, S. Manuel de Colohete, Comayagua, León y Granada, Honduras and Nicaragua ; Aragón, Santiago de Compostela, La Rioja, La Laguna, Spain; Ottawa, Canada, etc.). ICOMOS Canada will have an internal Specialised Committee on Cultural Routes as a result of its Congress last fall. A link strategy with the CIIC will be drafted.
In 2002 ICOMOS appointed some members of CIIC to help as experts with the evaluation of a cultural route proposed for inscription at the WH list.
At the end of May 2003 the President, the Vice-presidents and a small team of experts of the CIIC, specialy selected on the basis of their past contribution to doctrinal aspects concerning the concept of cultural routes, have participated at a two days working meeting in order to prepare a proposal for the inclusion of this concept on the WH Convention's Operational Guidelines, which are under revision. This workshop has been convened by ICOMOS-Spain with the support of the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. The resulting proposal is based on the doctrine developed by the CIIC in the last years.


The CIIC co-operates with universities, research centres, public and private entities, etc. (see the references included in different paragraphs of this report). In many aspects, the CIIC is linked to the aims and interests of international organisations such as the UNESCO and the EU.



Spanish National Committee of ICOMOS (CIIC headquarters and secretariat).


Since, as any other international scientific committee, the CIIC does not receive any financial assistance from the international budget of ICOMOS, it needs to look for support from public and private institutions in order to organise its international meetings, conferences, seminars and workshops and also for carrying out its publications.



CIIC History (Statutes, Definitions), Activities (Work Program, Declarations, Conclusions), and Inventory Records. Copies in English, French & Spanish are available upon request.



ICOMOS-CIIC. ETS Ing. Minas. UPM. Calle Ríos Rosas, 21, Madrid 28003. Spain. Tel. +34 91 399 26 18 & 91 336 51 61. Fax 34 91 708 00 43. E-mail: and soon also . The President and the Secretariat of CIIC can be reached at this address.