Congress on Methodology,
Definitions and Operative Aspects of Cultural Routes
Spain, May 1999
The Chairmen and representatives of the
ICOMOS National Committees, as well as other specialists gathered
together in IBIZA (Spain) on 21st-22nd may at the request of the
International Committee on Cultural Routes (CIIC) and within the
framework of the international congress on 'Methodology, Definitions
and Operative Aspects of Cultural Routes', bearing in mind the quality
and interest of the papers presented at this meeting, as well as in
connection with the congresses on cultural routes held in Alicante
(1997) and Tenerife (1999), on the route of 'the vine and the wine of
Mediterranean countries' in la Rioja (1999) and on 'Hispano-Portuguese
bastioned fortifications' in Ibiza (1999), believe that cultural
- Constitute, thanks to the material,
cultural or spiritual exchanges generated by the movement of
mankind over long and continuous periods of time, a guiding thread
which has produced, throughout its spatial journey, a cultural
inter-fertilization among countries or regions.
- Must necessarily be supported by
tangible elements which represent heritage and the physical
confirmation of their existence. The intangible factors give sense
and meaning to the various elements which make up the whole.
- Exist in a natural context in which
they exert an influence and help to characterize and enrich with
new dimensions, within an interactive process.
- Have a global significance and,
within the latter, the value of their parts lies in the overall,
shared interest. In this way, they constitute a channel for
cooperation, solidarity, mutual respect and appreciation, and a
fundamental contribution to dialogue and peace. They possess a
symbolic value which give cause for hope and understanding among
- Are a suitable instrument for
highlighting the fact that cultural reality a multi-faceted, which
requires a multi-disciplinary approach. They also help to achieve
the most complete and rewarding assumption of one's own identity,
bearing in mind that the latter forms part of a wider dimension,
represented by shared cultural reality, and all of this within
universal cultural links.
- Allow a plural and, therefore, more
realistic and fairer interpretation of history.
- Are the result of peaceful
encounters or disputes, and currently present a number of
dimension which transcend their primitive function and offer the
possibility of setting up a new dynamic of cultural and economic
cooperation among nations.
- Renew scientific hypotheses and
allow technical, artistic and cultural knowledge to increase.
Within the framework of the definition
of objectives, of methodology and of the search for operativity, the
participants in these conferences make the following recommendations:
Ibiza, 22nd May 1999
- That the proposals be collected and
a pre-inventory of cultural routes be established. To assign each
one of these routes a multi-disciplinary coordination committee
made up of experts appointed by the CIIC and in charge of
selecting the scientific criteria on which the analyses must be
- To create, for each one of the
routes defined, a network for carrying out the scientific studies
- To identify groups and institutions
which help to publicize, safeguard and highlight the value of the
cultural routes, as well as the spreading of knowledge relating to
- To raise the awareness of
governments about the importance of cultural routes and to attempt
to integrate them in the framework of territorial planning and
organization policies, in order to ensure the operativity of the
actions which are undertaken.
- To urge international cooperation by
means of durable development plans in the areas through which a
cultural route passes, due to the fact that all of them
constitutes an integral part of a shared common asset.
- To develop the methods of approach
and analysis within an objective aimed at safekeeping,
highlighting value and improving knowledge. To work towards
increasing the precision of the vocabulary and the concepts.
- To investigate and spread
conservation techniques adapted to the complexity of the elements
and situations which the cultural routes entail.
- To identify strategies which locate
and attract means of financing aimed at supporting the work to be
- To publish the results of the