'The cultural route of Vines and Wine Among the Peoples of the Mediterranean' Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja (Spain), 19th May 1999)



Meeting on the way to Santiago, at Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja (Spain), to study 'The Cultural Route of Vines and Wine among the Peoples of the Mediterranean', at the initiative of the Government of La Rioja, and under the auspices of the ICOMOS International Committee on Cultural Routes, the experts designated by their respective ICOMOS National Committees from the Mediterranean countries set forth:


  • 'The Cultural Route of Vines and Wine' is a historical and cultural reality based on population movements, meeting and dialogue, the exchange and symbiosis of cultures in the Mediterranean area since prehistoric times.


  • This route is a fruitful concept for the present world, offering as it does an exceptional setting for a dynamic of mutual understanding, a plural interpretation of history and a culture of peace.


  • This concept is open, dynamic and evocative in character and follows the conclusions of the UNESCO study of world-wide strategy leading to a greater recognition of heritage in its 'philosophical, symbolic, social and economic dimensions and the constant and multiple interactions with natural surroundings in all their diversity'.


  • In line with the conclusions of the ICOMOS International Conference on Cultural Routes (held in Tenerife in September 1998), which led to the creation of the ICOMOS International Committee on Cultural Routes (CIIC), the value and configuration of this cultural route are to be found in the sum of all the parts that form it from start to finish.


  • This route forms part of a world-wide perspective of spiritual, cultural and material exchanges, which includes both tangible and intangible elements, both cultural and natural.


  • 'The Cultural Route of Vines and Wine among the Peoples of the Mediterranean' is an ideal framework for carrying out investigations into the exchanges which have taken place and to promote study trips and cultural tourism along with public awareness programs and youth education.


  • The protection and promotion of this Cultural Route needs to be well managed in both its running and its tourist use, as does the participation of the inhabitants of the areas which it goes through. It is equally necessary to establish a policy for territorial focus within a perspective of lasting development.


From the point of view of its value as World Heritage.

  • The Cultural Route of Vines and Wine among the Peoples of the Mediterranean has, in our opinion, a universal and exceptional value as a whole which cannot be applied, in our judgment, to each of the parts that make it up in various regions and countries on the route without each one being studied in depth.


  • The Cultural Route of Vines and Wine among the People of the Mediterranean is based on the dynamic movement which has historically created the Mediterranean route. This movement has created fruitful exchange with continuity on both space and time.


  • The value of the whole is greater than that of the sum of all its parts and it is this factor that gives meaning.


  • It illustrate the exchange and dialogue between countries and regions.


  • It reveals a plurality of dimensions which develops and enriches its original function and which in some cases was religious, in others commercial, in others was ritual, etc,.


  • The Cultural Route of Vines and Wine among the Peoples of the Mediterranean may be considered as a dynamic type of cultural landscape as described in 'Orientations for putting into practice the UNESCO World Heritage Convention of 1972'.


  • The identification of this Cultural Route must be base itself in all cases (regional, national, etc,) on a series of strong points and tangible elements, evidence of the meaning of the route itself.


  • The proof of authenticity must be applied, in each case (region, country, etc,) on the sense and message of this cultural route.


  • The temporal relevance and current use of each section (regional, national and international) will be taken into account, as well the legitimate aspirations for development of the nuclei involved.


  • The route will be established taking into account its natural form and its symbolic and intangible dimension


  • We consider that the Cultural Route of Vines and Wine among the Peoples of the Mediterranean is made up of tangible elements whose meaning is derived from pluricultural dialogue and exchanges between countries and regions and which demonstrate movement along the whole route in both space and time.


19th May, 1999